In , around , people died from AIDS-related illnesses worldwide, compared to 1. In , there were Despite advances in our scientific understanding of HIV and its prevention and treatment as well as years of significant effort by the global health community and leading government and civil society organizations, too many people with HIV or at risk for HIV still do not have access to prevention, care, and treatment, and there is still no cure. Further, the HIV epidemic not only affects the health of individuals, it also impacts households, communities, and the development and economic growth of nations.
Many of the countries hardest hit by HIV also suffer from other infectious diseases, food insecurity, and other serious problems.
- PEPFAR & Global AIDS;
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Despite these challenges, there have been successes and promising signs. New global efforts have been mounted to address the epidemic, particularly in the last decade.
Global epidemic and mobility model - GLEAM
The number of people newly infected with HIV has declined over the years. In addition, the number of people with HIV receiving treatment in resource-poor countries has dramatically increased in the past decade and dramatic progress has been made in preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV and keeping mothers alive.
The U. NIH is engaged in research around the globe to understand, diagnose, treat, and prevent HIV infection and its many associated conditions, and to find a cure. Read more about the U. Content Source: HIV. Many Federal agencies have developed public awareness and education campaigns to address HIV prevention, treatment, care, and research. In the United States, 55 percent of adults are overweight by international standards.rikonn.biz/wp-content/2020-03-27/programmi-per-vedere-profili-privati-facebook.php
Obesity: An Urgent Global Epidemic and Local Challenge
A whopping 23 percent of American adults are considered obese. And the trend is spreading to children as well, with one in five American kids now classified as overweight. Liposuction is now the leading form of cosmetic surgery in the United States, for example, at , operations per year. Surprisingly, overweight and obesity are advancing rapidly in the developing world as well. Still struggling to eradicate infectious diseases, many developing nations' health care systems could be crippled by growing caseloads of heart disease, cancer, and other chronic illnesses.
The African swine-fever epidemic that started in China late in has spread across Asia and just turned up in the Philippines : Tens of thousands of pigs in the region have died of the incurable, usually lethal disease. When it first emerged on Aug. The response in the first weeks of August was the fastest, best equipped, and best-funded in the history of Ebola outbreak response.
The outbreak now stands, [after] more than one year, [at] cases, and deaths since its declaration. Prospects for even deadlier, airborne microbes have also risen since the gathering of scientists in Washington because the technology to alter viral and bacterial genes is now fast, easy, cheap, and precise.
Whether a man-made killer leaks accidentally, or is deliberately spread by malevolent individuals, no nation has the organization and technology to halt an outbreak once the germs escape their lab confines. All of them have, in some form, been on the table for years, even decades. We have been here before. The United Nations General Assembly that convenes in New York this week and next, and delegates will be deluged with similarly grim reports about climate change, humanitarian crises, refugees, intractable conflicts, diminishing supplies of safe drinking water, and literally dozens more crises.
Every one merits attention, financing, and global cooperation.
Obesity: a global epidemic that threatens adults, adolescents and children
The specifics may have changed, but the tone and recommendations in the new GPMB pandemic report are remarkably similar, if not more urgent. The GPMB insists it is possible to render microbial outbreaks to controllable, containable scale—if humanity has the political and financial will to do so. So far, however, humanity has pushed disease threats out of its collective consciousness shortly after every epidemic ceased. The influenza pandemic killed some 50 to million people—estimates vary widely. And the plague of the 14th century claimed 60 percent of the European population: roughly 50 million souls.
We have already, in my lifetime, failed to stop HIV, which, since its emergence on the global stage in , has sickened 75 million people, killing about 32 million of them. We know there will be another terrible epidemic—perhaps not as large as flu or the plague, but awful nonetheless.
The history of tuberculosis as a global epidemic.
Yet it will likely take much more than expert reports to mobilize serious collective efforts to prevent and prepare catastrophe. Laurie Garrett is a former senior fellow for global health at the Council on Foreign Relations and a Pulitzer Prize winning science writer. Trending Now Sponsored Links by Taboola. When the outbreak hit West Africa, fevers spiked — and so did rates of teenage pregnancy.